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Demographic changes: health care and services for childcare and an ageing population

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Society is facing demographic changes (an ageing population, female participation in the labour market, family fragmentation, urbanisation, changes in lifestyle, etc.) which impact on citizens’ responsibility and needs, in particular in terms of childcare and care for the elderly. Due to the current lack of care services, more and more citizens are forced to shoulder the responsibility of one or more dependents. 


Furthermore, from 2012 onwards, the working-age population will start to decrease. To ensure the sustainability of European welfare systems, more people will have to work. 


The need to develop tailored services is increasing, yet, this could be seen as an opportunity to boost job creation and as a means to meet the employment target of the Europe 2020 strategy: “75 % of the population aged between 20 and 64 should be employed by 2020”. 


The session will focus on:

  • Demographic changes and consequences for society
  • Job opportunities and growth creation in care services 
  • Access to quality and affordable care services for all

To address these questions two speakers will present their recent works:



Jean Francois Lebrun  

Jean-François Lebrun is Head of unit "Working conditions and adaptation to change" in the DG "Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities" of the European Commission.
In this context, he is in charge to organize the European restructuring Forums (industrial policy, structural funds and regions, anticipation tools, car industry, SMEs, innovative actions of the ESF, transnational agreements, Defence industry, climate change).

He entered the European Commission in 1987. He mainly dealt with questions related to employment, social aspects of the internal market, local and personal services, European social dialogue and Community initiative programme EQUAL.



Erika Schulz  

Dr. Erika Schulz studied Economics at TU-Berlin. In 1985 she graduated with a PhD in Economics. For 5 years she was an assistant at the economics department and  was a lecturer at TU-Berlin in 1996 and 1997. Since 1986, she has been a researcher at German Institute for Economic Research.

Between 2001 and 2004 she was a researcher at the University of Ulm, in the Department of Public Health.

She is also Member of the board of the German Association for Demography and head of the working group population economics.Her main research topics are: population development, labour market, social security, health economics, long-term care.


Since 2000 she has mainly been involved in research projects for the European Commission in the areas of health care and long-term care, i.e:

AGIR (2001-2004): Ageing, Health and Retirement in Europe. 

AHEAD (2004-2007): Ageing, Health Status and Determinants of Health Expenditure

ANCIEN (2009-2012): Assessing Needs of Care in European Nations

SSO (2005-2008): Social Situation Observatory. LOT 1: Demography.

INDICSER (2010-2012): Indicators for Evaluating International Performance in Service Sectors

NEUJOBS (2011-2014) Creating and Adapting Jobs in Europe in the Context of a Socio-ecological Transition



Tuesday 28 November, 2023





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